Canterbury is an English city which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a district of Kent in South East England. It lies on the River Stour. Originally a Brythonic settlement, it was renamed Durovernum Cantiacorum by the Roman conquerors in the first century AD.
Brythons or British are were the Celtic people living in Great Britain from the Iron Age through the Early Middle Ages. They spoke the Insular Celtic language known as British or Brythonic. Accounted for the majority of the British mainly South and Central, they speaks Breton language which was spoken in Brittany. After it became the chief Jutish settlement who were a Germanic people came from Jutland Peninsula on the other side of the Angles relative to the Saxons, it gained its English name Canterbury, itself derived from “Kent people’s stronghold” to the Old English Cantwareburh. After the Kingdom of Kent’s conversion to Christianity in 597, St Augustine founded an episcopal base and became the first Archbishop of Canterbury, a position that now heads the Catholic Church of England and the worldwide Anglican Communion at the buildings as well known Canterbury Cathedral. We know Province of Canterbury covers the entire south of England bigger than york.
King Stephen of England chose him to be Archbishop of Canterbury in 1138. It is the age of Pope Eugene III who was the first Cistercian to become Saint. Pope. Theobald
faced issues a subordinate Bishop of Winchester.
Initially served as Chancellor in England King Henry II, and Thomas Becket was tutor for Henry II’s eldest son young Henry King’s with living in Becket household, too. There was no doubt that everyone become Archbishop Thomas Becket. Thomas Becket was born c. 1118 in Cheapside London as a a knight’s son, between fater Gilbert and regend mother Matilda. He has a property-owner, living on his rents in London and had taken the trade of mercer. Beautiful sister of his existence is large to one of the causes he made vocation, Richer de L’Aigle who is father’s rich friends ofen invited Thomas to his estates in Sussex County(southern area of England) too, cz he was attracted Thomas’s sister. There, Thomas learned to ride a horse, hunt, behave like a gentleman and engage in popular sports such as jousting received a brilliant education and went Paris and Auxerre in France , Bologna in Italy. When he was upon returning to the Kingdom of England, Theobald Archbishop Of the aforementioned entrusted him with several important missions to Rome. Theobald finally made Thomas Archdeacon of Canterbury and Provost of Beverley, and recommended him as Lord Chancellor which was vacant seat. Thomas distinguished zeal and efficiency was recognized, appointed in 1555.
Henry desired to be absolute ruler of his dominions both Politics and Religion. His desire gives Thomas worst gifts hardship and a resentment. He planned to do away with the special privileges of the English clergy for Henry2, however it seems nice law as precedents in the traditions of the throne for the King, and Chancellor was teasing the grudge instead of him. Becket enforced the king’s traditional medieval land tax that was exacted from all landowners including churches and bishoprics. And so it becomes a quarrel of the two tops must be done between them, the King was escalated. Henry was preparing the trap is similar to the coup de grace as a strategy. Insidious Kings to reverse the reputation and introduce the corrupt King’s friends, extravagant courtier and a cheerful companion to the king’s pleasures. He achieved his final position of power as the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1162 as King’s planning. Henry 2 pointed the new Archbishop dropped his Chancellorship!! and consolidated the landed revenues of Canterbury under his control to get charchs incom or profit. Next handling foment the opinion, and influence of the other bishops against Thomas began in Westminster. King Henry II presided over the assemblies(meeting) at Clarendon Palace was successful stories.
Last escape and revenge? France received him with respect and offered him protection. He spent nearly two years in the Cistercian abbey of Pontigny. In 1170 the Pope was on the point of fulfilling, his threats and excommunicating Henry II. Henry alarmed by the prospect, and would allow Thomas to return to England and resume his place.
The wicked knight leapt suddenly upon him, cutting off the top of the crown which the unction of sacred chrism had dedicated to God. and saying in a low voice, ‘For the name of Jesus and the protection of the Church, I am ready to embrace death.’ But the third knight inflicted a terrible, the crown of his head was separated from the head in such a way that the blood white with the brain, dyed the floor of the cathedral. Becket’s assassination and funeral. The faithful throughout Europe began venerating Becket as a martyr, after three years, He was canonised by Pope Alexander III in St. Peter’s Church in Segni. Pope Alexander III excommunicated all seeking forgiveness, the assassins travelled to Rome and were ordered by the Pope to serve as knights in the Holy Lands for a period of fourteen years. In 1220, Becket’s remains were relocated from this first tomb to a shrine in the recently completed Trinity Chapel, he was canonised by Pope Alexander III in St. Peter’s Church in Segni. Saint. Thomas Becket’s murder at Canterbury Cathedral in 1170 led to the cathedral becoming a place of pilgrimage for Christians worldwide. This pilgrimage provided the theme for Geoffery Chaucer’s 14th-century literary classic The Canterbury Tales.
■The Marlowe Theatre
The city’s theatre and concert hall is the Marlowe Theatre named after Christopher Marlowe who was born in the city in Elizabethan times. He was baptised in the city’s St George’s Church, which was destroyed during the Second World War. The old Marlowe Theatre was located in St Margaret’s Street and housed a repertory theatre. Another theatre – The Gulbenkian Theatre – also serves the city and can be found at the University of Kent. The Marlowe is currently being rebuilt on its former site, is expected to re-open in 2011 instead of the old surviving Tudor theatre which known as The Shakespeare Pub.
■Polyphonic music written for the monks of Christ Church Priory (the Cathedral) survives from the thirteenth century. The Canterbury Choral Society gives regular concerts in Canterbury Cathedral, specialising in the large-scale choral works of the classical repertory. The Canterbury Orchestra, founded in 1953, is a thriving group of enthusiastic players who regularly tackle major works from the symphonic repertoire, Chamber Choir.