Bruges is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium. The historic city centre is a prominent World Heritage Site of UNESCO. It is egg-shaped and about 430 hectares in size. Along with a few other canal-based northern cities, such as Amsterdam, it is sometimes referred to as “The Venice of the North”. Bruges has a significant economic importance thanks to its port. At one time it was the “chief commercial city” of the world. 
The new Flemish-school, oil-painting techniques gained world renown.
 The port of Zeebrugge was built in 1907. The Germans used it for their U-boats in World War I. It was greatly expanded in the 1970s and early 1980s and has become one of Europe’s most important and modern ports. International tourism has boomed, and new efforts have resulted in Bruges being designated ‘European Capital of Culture’ in 2002.
 Many of the churches of Europe sound the alarm bell that is occurring on a daily basis, this Bell keyboard instruments with tame and clear sounds are known as the Carillon. 47 bells in Bruges will play the melody. The well known customs give these bells, Church in Bruges, Bruges is the birthplace of the traditional customs.

ブルージュはベルギー北西部にあるフランデレン地域の都市で、Vlaams Gewest or Région flamande ウェスト=フランデレン州の州都になっており2002年に欧州文化首都となるほどヨーロッパを代表する最も美しい観光都市である。ドイツ・ビュルツブルクのように、その橋が印象的だが、もともとBrugesとはオランダ語でBridge橋を意味している言葉Bruggeでもある。また、ブルージュはフランス・リールにもわずか65km近く、フランス語では橋を『Bruges』と呼んでいるので、この街の名前ブリュージュそのものだ。ベルギーはオランダ語が母国語で次いでフランス語も多いく両国とは密接な関係にある。街に流れる運河には無数の橋が架けられている。

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