Finland officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden on the west, Norway on the north and Russia on the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland. Finland built an extensive welfare state and balanced between the East and the West in global economics and politics. Finland has also been ranked the second most stable country in the world or ranks the best, on these points about the facts based on health, economic dynamism, education, political environment and quality of life.
The native language of most of the population is Finnish, which is part of the Finno-Ugric language,Finnish is a member of the Baltic-Finnic subgroup of the Uralic languages. According to an earlier theory the name was derived from suomaa (fen land) or suoniemi (fen cape). but Finland was historically a part of Sweden, Official languages are Finnish, Swedish.
Finland has a humid and cool semi continental Climate. Winters of southern Finland (average day time temperature is below 0 °C/32 °F) are nearly 7 months long, and snow covers the lands almost 6 months, from October to early May. So around 5.4 million people reside in Finland, with the majority concentrated in the southern region. The coldest winter days of southern Finland are usually under −20 °C (−4 °F), and the warmest days of July and early August can be over 30 °C (86 °F) in summers. Finland is near enough to the Atlantic Ocean to be continuously warmed by the Gulf Stream, which explains the unusually warm climate considering the absolute latitude, parallels in the Eurasian continent’s coastal zone, which shows characteristics of both a maritime and a continental climate as same as other EU countries.
■Helsinki is Capital and largest city in 342 municipalities, Other larger cities include Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyväskylä, Lahti, Kuopio and Kouvola in great Finland.
■Åland Islands form an archipelago in the Baltic Sea ,locations is the southern sea but little island for them. to the east that comprises over 6,500 skerries, skerry is small rocky island.
Wildlife are living, watching Animalia, at least sixty native mammalian species, the national animal brown bear, gray wolf, wolverine, elk (moose) , Reindeer, and Saimaa Ringed Seal in the sea. The national bird Whooper Swan, Capercaillie known as the Wood Grouse or Heather Cock, and the European Eagle Owl. Over seventy fish species, the northern pike, perch and others Atlantic salmon.
also borders to the Gulf of Bothnia, is considered the traditional home of Father Christmas. Joulupukki is a Finnish Christmas figure, literally means Yule Goat, the Finnish word “pukki” comes from the Swedish “bock” like “buck” or “billy-goat” in english. Old Scandinavian tradition merged with Santa Claus. Another difference is that instead of sneaking in through the chimney during the late night hours, Joulupukki knocks on the front door during the Christmas Eve celebrations, against our expecting he comes into from there without dirty cloth. In the extreme north of Lapland at the border between Finland and Norway, Forest covers 86% of the country’s area, the largest forested area in Europe. Finland is the largest producer of wood in Europe and among the largest in the world. The landscape is covered mostly (seventy-five percent of land area) by coniferous taiga forests and fens, with little arable land. The most common type of rock is granite.
is the largest and busiest airport of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area and the whole of Finland.
■The National Museum of Finland
illustrates Finnish history from prehistoric times to the present day. It is located in central Helsinki.
is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands, today within Helsinki. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of Finland’s most popular tourist attractions.
is the Mother Church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.
is a Finnish multinational communications corporation that is headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, a city neighbouring Finland’s capital Helsinki. Telecommunications Internet Computer software, mobile mobiles.