Greenland also contains the world’s largest national park, and is the world’s largest island and the largest dependent territory by area in the world. Greenland is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Archipelago, From the point of physical geography, it is a part of the continent of North America. The largest island in Greenland is also named Greenland, and makes up most of the country’s land area. I was very suprised the fact that Greenland has been inhabited, though not continuously, by indigenous peoples since 2500 BC. There were Norse colonies in Greenland from AD 986. In the early 18th century contact between Scandinavia and Greenland was re-established and Danish, Denmark established rule over Greenland.
In prehistoric times Greenland was home to several successive Paleo-Eskimo cultures known primarily through archaeological findings. The earliest entry of the Inuit into Greenland is thought to have occurred about 2500 BC. From around 2500 BC to 800 BC, southern and western Greenland was inhabited
The Dorset Culture and Tradition was a Paleo-Eskimo culture (500 BC – AD 1500) that preceded the Inuit culture in Arctic North America. Around 800 BC, the Saqqaq culture disappeared and the Early Dorset culture emerged in western Greenland and the Independence II (second) culture in northern Greenland, extend throughout the Greenlandic coastal areas, both on the west and east coasts, and it lasted until the arrival of the Thule culture in 1500 AD. The Dorset culture population lived primarily from whale hunting, like us japanese in wakayama prefecture. They can easily live there cz the fjords of southern Greenland experienced a relatively mild climate several degrees Celsius higher than usual in the North Atlantic. with trees and herbaceous plants growing and livestock being farmed.
Especially during the Cold War, the United States developed a geopolitical interest in Greenland, and in 1946 the United States offered to buy Greenland from Denmark for $100,000,000, but Denmark refused to sell. However, in 1950 Denmark did agree to allow the United States to establish the Thule Air Base.
In 1985, Greenland left the European Community (EC), unlike Denmark which remains a member , EU law largely does not apply to Greenland except in the area of trade.
About half of public spending on Greenland is funded by block grants from Denmark, Additional proceeds from the sale of fishing licenses and the annual compensation from the EU represents. Most of the fish factories are owned by Royal Greenland. One special thing about Greenland is that land ownership is not established.
Mining of ruby deposits began in 2007. Other mineral prospects are improving as prices are increasing. These include uranium, aluminium, nickel, platinum, tungsten, titanium and copper these are helping their economic not only fishes.
■Kangerlussuaq Airport on the west coast is the major airport of Greenland and the hub for domestic flights. Intercontinental flights connect mainly to Copenhagen.
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